Severe psychological diseases and addictions have a negative impact on the quality of human life, and methods of traditional medicine do not always give the expected result. Hypnotherapy is a safe method of influence on human consciousness, which allows for the treatment of such severe conditions as strong chemical and emotional dependence, panic attacks and obsessions. The article describes the most used in modern practice types of hypnotherapy, indications for the use of this method of treatment, stages of the session.
Historical reference about hypnotherapy
Hypnosis has been known to man for a long time – it was actively used more than 3 thousand years ago in Egypt, India, Greece and Rome. The pioneer of modern hypnotherapy was Austrian doctor Franz Mesmer (1734-1815). He was the first who proposed a rational basis for the effect of hypnosis, and the first to develop a consistent method for hypnosis. Although the medical community of his time accused him of fraud, for a very long time hypnosis was known as “mesmerism”. The Vienna doctor first demonstrated the effect of hypnosis in public at the end of the XVIII century in Paris. The very concept of “hypnosis” appeared a few decades later, it was introduced by an English physician James Brad. The term comes from the ancient Greek word “ὕπνος” (dream).
The method of hypnotherapy received scientific recognition in the late XIX century after the report of the French neurologist Jean Martin Charcot at the Paris Academy of Sciences. The founders of the theory of hypnosis in Russia are V.M. Bekhteev and K.I. Platonov, who at the beginning of the XX century investigated the problems of hypnosis and suggestion, created methods of applying hypnotherapy for therapeutic purposes. But the main figure of modern hypnotherapy is the therapist Milton Erikson (1901-1980), who first applied “indirect hypnosis”, a resolving style of trance induction based on subtle language models.
His approach was based on the understanding that hypnotherapy must be meaningful for a person to be successful – an approach that is still used in the 21st century. What is hypnosis? Healing with a state of trance (or altered state of consciousness) is one of the oldest phenomena known to man, and is found in one form or another in virtually every culture around the world. It can also be rightly characterized as an original psychological therapy. Hypnosis is a human condition, enhanced by mental and physical relaxation, in which our subconscious is able to communicate with our consciousness.