Prostate cancer treatment
There are numerous ways to tackle Prostate Cancer. The treatment varies person to person depending on the healthiness, age, life expectancy besides individual liking, phase and status of the cancer. The likely outcomes of the treatment also play a pivotal role in deciding the medication(s) to be given.
Various options consist of:
- Surgical procedure
- Radioactive Remedy
- Hormonal Therapy
- Vigilant waiting
The cancer can be removed from the prostate and adjoining affected areas using surgical operations. This method is employed during the initial phases, when the cancer is confined only to the prostate. In case the tumor is diminutive and not outside the prostate, then this method can be the perfect antidote for the disease, as not only does it cure it, but also prevents its further growth.
Surgical choices consist of Robotic Prostatectomy. This robo-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy is the newest milestone in surgery. This method combines the advantages of laparoscopic surgery with technical cutting edge technical support, such as three-dimensional pictures of prostate and the neighboring nerves and body-tissues, which can be enlarged to 10-times their original size with the help of advanced optical sensors. The mechanized arms eliminate any such “human errors” and the wrists which can turn till an astounding 540 degrees. This provides for better operation which is impossible by human arms or other laparoscopic devices.
Radioactive therapy utilizes energized radiations to annihilate prostate cancer cells, shrivel tumors, or averting the further growth and advancement of such cells.
This treatment is divided into small doses, which are carried out in regular intervals. In this way, the cells which are healthy are able to survive and slowly rejuvenate, while the cancer affected ones die. This method is also chosen when the cancer has not grown to more than the prostate. This is a very good way to put a stop to the cancer’s further growth.
But this method is most effective over a small area, identical to surgery. In the early stages, this remedy might cure the ailment. Radioactive therapy has the option to be either used alone or alongside hormonal therapy. This is done when the pelvic region too gets affected, or as a pain reliever when the prostate cancer has infiltrated the bones as well.
Hormonal remedy is ordinarily employed to deal with the cancer when it has “metastasized” (grown) to regions outside the pelvic.
Hormonal remedy can be of two kinds: 1) removing the testes surgically so that no more male hormones are generated; 2) consuming drugs that inhibit or stop the further production male hormones like testosterone. It is a misconception that this therapy “cures” prostate cancer. It only slows down its growing rate and the tumor’s magnitude.
Hormonal therapy can also be given along with radioactive or surgical remedy when the cancer has reached advanced phases beyond the prostate. This assists in removing the indications and elongating life span. Totally removing the prostate once the cancer spreads beyond the prostate becomes uncommon.
Radiation therapy is occasionally used when the patient is in the early stages of the disease. It helps in reducing the prostate’s bulk, making it unproblematic to remove.
The main aim behind hormonal therapy is to reduce the generation of testosterone by the testes. Despite the therapeutic course, this may give rise to certain side-effects such as impotency, hot flashes or diminished sexual drive.
In chemotherapy, robust drugs are injected into the body. These circulate throughout the body via the bloodstream and attack any cancer cell it encounters.
But the doses of these drugs are carefully monitored so as to lessen the risk their action on cancer cells have on the state of the body.
The chemotherapy drugs vary over a wide range, and each has its own set of functions, so they are consumed in combinations. Their methods of consumption vary too. While some can be directly injected into the bloodstream via some vein or muscle, others could also be swallowed. While some drugs are only given under the supervision of a doctor, others can be privately taken at home.
Some patients are hospitalized for scrutinizing the treatment and probable side effects. This treatment is set aside for patients with advanced phases of the cancer which has considerably grown and does not respond to hormone therapy.
For those who are in the initial stages, choosing not to undergo immediate medication may be an appropriate decision.
Aged patients or those with other complicated medical conditions may suffer from worse side-effects and may even die due to them, and not because of the cancer.
This method demands that the cancer be sharply supervised and proper steps be taken when it shows indications of growing. People generally prefer this method post a dosage of hormonal therapy. Nevertheless, the most appropriate time to undergo hormonal remedy has been a controversial topic.